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Fungi and Slime Moulds

County Recorder: Neil Mahler



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Species list

Bearded Tooth
bearded tooth fungus

Bearded Tooth Hericium erinaceus

Tufty and beard-like, this rare and legally protected fungus has a reputation for easing dementia. It grows on beech, oak and birch trees and is famed around the world as a miracle memory medicine. Image: Lukas Large (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, Woodland Trust, Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland

Coral Tooth
coral tooth fungus

Coral Tooth Hericium coralloides

A distinctive and attractive fungus with a conspicuous white, branched, coral-like fruitbody, up to 25 cm across. Each branchlet produces downward-pointing spines or "teeth" 5-10 mm in length. It grows on fallen trunks and large logs. Image: Arthur Rivett (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland

Oak Polypore
Oak polypore fungus

Oak Polypore Buglossoporus quercinus

This fungus occurs on the limbs and trunks of living or dead veteran oak trees (i.e. trees which are 250–800 years old), or on fallen heartwood. Typical habitats include medieval forests, deer parks, wood pasture and wooded commons. Image: Miroslav Klimeš (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland

Orange Chanterelle
Orange Chanterelle fungi

Orange Chanterelle Cantharellus friesii

Cantharellus friesii has a cap colour that varies from deep yellow to reddish-orange and is 2–4 cm wide. It occurs in beech, fir and spruce forests. Image: Len Worthington (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist

Orchard Tooth
orchard tooth fungus

Orchard Tooth Sarcodontia crocea

Orchard tooth usually occurs on old fruit trees. Its fresh fruit bodies have an intense, fruity odour resembling pineapple or grated apples. Image: Ron Parker (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland

Pepper Pot
pepper pot fungus

Pepper Pot Myriostoma coliforme

For more than a century the Pepper Pot was thought to be extinct in Britain. It is easily overlooked until fully mature when the outer skin splits into rays that fold back to reveal an inner spore sac with many openings, resembling a pepper pot. Image: Aleksandr Popov (iNaturalist)

Find out more: iNaturalist, First nature

Sandy Stiltball
Sandy stiltball fungus

Sandy Stiltball Battarrea phalloides

Sandy stiltball has a woody, slender, and shaggy or scaly stem that is typically up to 40 cm in length. It is found in dry places, often in sandy soil on hedgebanks and roadsides, often associated with ash (Fraxinus), Hawthorn (Crataegus) or elm (Ulmus). Image: Barry at LM (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland

Tiny Earthstar
tiny earthstar fungus

Tiny Earthstar Geastrum minimum

Keep an eye out for these tiny star-shaped fungi, which are not much bigger than rabbit droppings, in short turf along the coast. Their fruit bodies are initially roughly spherical before the outer peridium splits to form a star with 6–11 rays. It is found in mature sand dune systems where broken seashells raise the alkalinity of the sandy soil. Image: Neil Mahler (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, Kew factsheet (pdf)



There has been quite a large volume of recording done on this group over the years, but the coverage has been very uneven. There are just over 12,700 records on the SBIS database. Several of the richer sites have been surveyed annually, but the vast majority, including reserves, have not been looked at. A card index compiled by the late Martin Ellis is housed at SBIS. A county checklist compiled by Martin and Pamela Ellis has been published but has not been loaded onto Recorder due to nomenclatural difficulties

Information on recording and identification can be found on the British Mycological Society website and the Fungus Conservation Trust.


Major Publications

The Rust Fungi of Suffolk. A. Mayfield (1935)


The Coelomycetes of Suffolk. A. Mayfield (1938)


The Coelomycetes of Suffolk (Second List). A. Mayfield (1942)


The Rust-fungi of Suffolk: Additions. A. Mayfield (1943)


The Ascomycetes of Suffolk. A. Mayfield (1946)


Suffolk Mould- and Smut-Fungi. A. Mayfield (1947)


The Basidiomycetes of Suffolk. A. Mayfield (1948)


Total of Known Suffolk Fungi. A. Mayfield (1949)


Fungi and Slime Moulds in Suffolk. Martin and Pam Ellis (1989)


Fungi & Slime Moulds in Suffolk. Supplement 1. M. Ellis & P. Ellis (1991) TSNS 27: 87


Fungi & Slime Moulds in Suffolk. Supplement 2. M. Ellis & P. Ellis (1994) TSNS 30: 87


Fungi & Slime Moulds in Suffolk. Supplement 3. M. Ellis & P. Ellis (1996) TSNS 32: 165

Other papers from Suffolk Natural History

Brandon Fungi 1959–2014 – change in stability and occurrence. O. Rackham (2015) Open
Fungi recording in Suffolk. N. Mahler (2012) Open
Fungi recording in Suffolk. N. Mahler (2010) Open
Morels. G.D. Heathcote (2000) Open
A new micro fungus in Suffolk. R.J. Fisk (2000) Open
Fungus, Clathrus ruber. P.G. Lawson (1999) p.117 Open
Puffballs, Earthballs and Earth Stars. G.D. Heathcote (1995) Open
Fascinated by fungi. G.D. Heathcote (1995) p.47 Open
Notes on the fungi of Thetford Forest. G.D. Heathcote (1993) Open
Fungus new to Suffolk. F.W. Simpson (1990) p.5 Open
More fungi for Suffolk. G.D. Heathcote (1990) p.32 Open
A toadstool in Ipswich. F.W. Simpson (1989) p.99 Open
Fungi in an Ipswich garden. F.W. Simpson (1988) p.98 Open
Fungi. F.W. Simpson & G.D. Heathcote p.35 (1985) Open
Unusual fungus from Brightwell. Green, C. A. (1985) p.64 Open
Claviceps purpurea on Wild Grasses. F.W. Simpson (1971) Open
Some Breckland Fungi. G.D. Heathcote (1966) Open
Fungus Foray, 27th October, 1962. F.W. Simpson (1962) Open
Report upon the Dutch Elm Disease in Suffolk. C. Morley (1931) Open
Edible Fungi. A.P. Waller (1930) Open


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