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Liverworts and Mosses

County Recorder: Richard Fisk



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Species list

Pitted Frillwort
pitted frillwort

Pitted Frillwort Fossombronia foveolata

Has prostrate stems less than 15 mm long that bear pale or bright green leaves which are curled, giving them a lettuce-like appearance. Image: Kochibi (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, British Bryological Society

Texas Balloonwort
texas ballonwort

Texas Balloonwort Sphaerocarpos texanus

The texas ballonwort is a small, thalloid, dioecious liverwort. Male plants are much smaller (3–5 mm in diameter) than females (up to 12 mm in diameter). It is a winter annual, appearing in autumn and dying in spring. Image: Galiano (iNaturalist)

Find out more: iNaturalist, British Bryological Society

Veilwort
veilwort

Veilwort Pallavicinia lyellii

The veilwort is yellowish-green to dark green, and has a remarkably translucent thallus, just 1 cell thick. This contrasts strikingly with a thickened midrib. It is dioicous. Image: Dingo Biloba (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, British Bryological Society

Chalk Screw Moss
chalk screw moss

Chalk Screw Moss Tortula vahliana

Image: Konrad Greinwald (iNaturalist)

Find out more: iNaturalist

Thatch Moss
close up of thatch moss

Thatch Moss Leptodontium gemmascens

Thatch Moss forms small, yellow-green cushions or scattered shoots. Although only a few millimetres tall, with leaves a little over 1 mm long. The spearhead-shaped leaves taper to a coarsely toothed tip. Image: Des Callaghan (Flickr)

Find out more: iNaturalist, British Bryological Society



Most moss recording in the County has been coordinated by the British Bryological Society, Richard Fisk has undertaken a major survey of Suffolk and there were over 74,000 records on the SBIS database when the results were published in A Flora of Suffolk. Since then, Richard has continued to add new records and the Suffolk total is now over 90,900 records.

The excellent BBS Field Guide to Mosses and Liverworts of Britain and Ireland should enable recorders to identify most species with a hand lens in the field.
Further guidance on recording and identification can also be found on the British Bryological Society website.


Major Publications

The Hepatics, Mosses and Lichens of Suffolk. Mayfield (1930 IDNHS 1: 89)

Suffolk mosses and liverworts. A.C. Smith (1989 TSNS 25: 65)


A Flora of Suffolk. 2010 Sanford & Fisk.

Other papers from Suffolk Natural History

Suffolk Bryophytes, an update. R. Fisk (2019) Open
Suffolk bryophytes 2016. R. Fisk (2017) Open
Notes on some recent Suffolk bryophyte records. R. Fisk (2016) Open
Bryophytes in Suffolk 2013. R.J. Fisk (2014) Open
Bryophytes in Suffolk 2012. R.J. Fisk (2013) Open
Bryophytes in Suffolk, 2011. R. Fisk (2012) Open
Notes on Suffolk Bryophytes 2009. R. Fisk (2010) Open
Bryophytes in Suffolk 2006. R. Fisk (2007) Open
Bryophytes in Suffolk 2005. R. Fisk (2006) Open
Some recent bryophyte records for 2003–4. R.J. Fisk (2005) Open
Suffolk Bryophytes 2002 - a brief review of the year. R. Fisk (2003) Open
Bryophyte recording in Suffolk 2001. R. Fisk (2002) Open
Bryophyte Recording in Suffolk. 2000. R. Fisk (2001) Open
Notes on Suffolk Bryophytes in 1999. R.J. Fisk (2000) Open
Notes on some bryophytes recorded in Suffolk during 1998. R.J. Fisk (1999) p,100 Open
Notes on some bryophytes recorded in Suffolk in 1997. R.J. Fisk (1998) p.105 Open
Notes on some bryophytes recorded in Suffolk in 1996. R.J. Fisk (1997) Open
An interesting moss. P.J. Wanstall (1988) p.101 Open


For images of Suffolk Priority species see our Pinterest Board

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